As one of the most interesting changes of the Hungarian Condominium Act from a real estate developer’s aspect, the condominium representative (közös képviselő) may not act in the name and on behalf of the condominium during the various proceedings of the building authority. As a consequence, in the future the building authority shall notify each condominium member having a client status in the building/occupancy permit proceeding separately and thus the period opened for the appeal or waiver of the right to appeal will commence at different dates in case of each owner.
Due to the amendments the operation of the condominiums is placed under the judicial oversight proceedings of the Hungarian Prosecution Service. It is though questionable whether the Prosecution Service possesses the necessary manpower and financial background to deal with its new duty or – in lack of resources – such judicial oversight proceedings will remain an un-exercised right (same as the judicial oversight proceedings of the courts of the courts of registration).
In order to strengthen the transparency of the financial operation, condominiums with a yearly turnover exceeding HUF 10 million or having more than 50 apartments are obliged to appoint a certified public accountant to check the yearly financial report.
The amendments introduce the presumption of receipt: the condominium member being in arrears with the payment of common costs may not delay or avoid the payment by refusing to take over the payment notice. According to the new provisions on the eight business day reckoned from the second unsuccessful attempt to deliver the payment notice it will be deemed as delivered to the debtor even if the letter returns from the (postal) address of the member with the mark ‘did not look for it’. As a consequence the order of payment procedure may be commenced even if lack of delivery of the payment notice or the condominium representative may initiate the registration of the mortgage on the debtors’ individual condominium unit, provided that the registration is allowed by the bylaws of the condominium.
The Act on Condominiums as amended clarifies the rules on the alienation of the parts of a condominium jointly owned by the condominium members and altogether aims to align the provisions of the Act on Condominiums as to ensure the compatibility with the Act on the Land Registry.
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